Learn how to choose the right tool to remove a ball joint

There is a saying that "the right tool is used to get the right job done", and this phrase is most applicable in the field of automotive machinery. Using the wrong tools will not only make the job more difficult, but it will also create unsafe conditions and damage your parts. Sometimes, there are multiple tools available for a task, making it difficult to determine which is the better option. The ball joints on the suspension are, of course, one of them.PICKLE FOLKThe most well-known tool for separating ball joints is a pickle fork. The pickle fork is essentially a long, two-pronged wedge and is also known as a partial destroyer. Don't use a pickle fork on reusable parts. If you disassemble the joint in order to replace or repair something else, the pickle fork will only cost you more money. The reason is that you can't save the dust boots, and the forks will always tear them. If you're replacing a joint, then it really doesn't matter. To use a pickle fork, simply slide it as tightly as possible between the spindle and the control arm and tap the free end with a hammer. This drives the wedge between the two points and forces the joint out of the taper.SIMPLE CLAW-TYPE PRESSThis type of ball joint removal tool is a press. It is a one-piece press with cast or forged double jaw jaws with a threaded stud in the middle. More commonly used for tie rod joints, these can be used for ball joints. If the joints are not stuck too badly, they will work. Cheaper versions tend not to fit between the spindle and ball joint, and they may spread out if too much pressure is required. Another potential flaw is damage to the threads of the castle nut on the joint stud. To avoid this, turn the castle nut upside down (the forked side is facing the joint) and apply the press. This allows the head of the stud to be centered. This can also be used in conjunction with the hammer method to apply a little pressure to the butt studs. Tighten the ball joint, press against the ball joint stud to apply pressure, and gently tap it with a hammer a few times. Ball joints should pop out freely.BALL JOINT SEPARATORSometimes there is not enough space to use a one-piece ball joint press. This is where scissor ball joint separators come in handy. This design still puts pressure on the ball joint stud, but it clamps the spindle into an offset manor to fit more places. It's a handy tool as modern vehicles pack more components into smaller spaces. Simply slide your upper finger over the ball joint stud, then slide your lower two fingers onto the spindle above the boot, then turn the screw to tighten and loosen the joint.BALL JOINT PRESSThe professional tool is a ball joint press. This is a more sophisticated version of the claw press. The tool uses a flip cover and adapter to ensure clean and safe removal of the ball joint from the control arm. The fitting will also remain reusable. The problem with these types of ball joint tools is that they are expensive; They usually spend a few hundred or more to get all the adapters. Keep in mind that if you need this tool, you need to think about it ahead of time before starting your project.

How to perform daily maintenance on hydraulic tools

Daily maintenance is crucial for the performance and longevity of hydraulic tools. Here are some recommendations for the routine maintenance of hydraulic tools:Regular Inspection: Periodically inspect the hydraulic tool's exterior, including checking seals, hoses, fittings, and hydraulic cylinders. Look for leaks, wear, or any other suspicious issues.Cleaning: Keep the hydraulic tool clean, especially after use. Remove dust, dirt, and other impurities from the tool's surface to prevent them from entering the hydraulic system and affecting performance.Oil Quality: Regularly check the quality of hydraulic oil. Ensure the use of the correct specifications and quality of hydraulic oil and replace it periodically as per the manufacturer's recommendations.Oil Level Check: Periodically check the oil level in the hydraulic cylinder. Maintain the oil level within the appropriate range to prevent excessive or insufficient oil.Tighten Connections: Inspect the hydraulic system's pipes, joints, and connections, ensuring they are tightened and secure. Loose connections may lead to oil leakage.Lubrication: Ensure all moving parts receive proper lubrication. Use suitable lubricants, such as hydraulic oil, to ensure the smooth movement of moving parts.Rust Prevention: If the hydraulic tool is exposed to damp or corrosive environments, consider applying some rust inhibitor when not in use to prevent component rusting.Operational Guidelines: When using hydraulic tools, follow the manufacturer's operating manual for correct procedures. Avoid overloading the tools to prevent damage to critical components.Recording Faults: If any abnormalities are noticed, record them promptly and take appropriate maintenance measures. This helps in tracking and addressing potential issues in the future.Regular Maintenance: Conduct more in-depth maintenance regularly, such as replacing seals, cleaning the interior of hydraulic cylinders, etc. Develop an appropriate maintenance schedule based on usage frequency and working conditions.Make sure to stop using hydraulic tools and follow safety regulations before performing any maintenance. If you are not familiar with hydraulic system maintenance, it is advisable to have professional technicians inspect and maintain the tools.

How to use hydraulic 2/3 jaw bearing puller tool set D2030 correctly

10 Ton 2 Jaw and 3 Jaw Hydraulic Bearing Puller Utility:Self-centered, easy to convert, 2 or 3 arm puller. The arms slide inward or outward at the same time. Safe:The arm will never deflect! Economical:2/3-arm combination puller, the price of 2 pullers is one. Strong:The greater the pull, the tighter the jaw grips the object in question! The arm must not be bent or deflected.  Item No DN-D2030 Material Alloy Steel Hardness 38-42 HRC SuitableRemove BearingsSize3 Sizes To Choose More Size To Choose Item No Sizes width of grip externa(MIN)width of grip externa(MAX)effective arm lengthmax withdrawal forceclaw height DN-2030-1 4" 36mm100mm100mm7.5mm DN-2030-2 6" 52mm150mm150mm109.8mm DN-2030-38"75mm200mm200mm1013.8mm How to use hydraulic bearing pullers correctly1. PreparationBefore initiating the operation, ensure the following preparations are completed:Inspect the Tool: Ensure the hydraulic bearing puller and its accessories are intact and free from any loose parts.Clean the Workspace: Ensure the work area is tidy and remove any obstacles that might interfere with the operation.2. Assembly and ConnectionAssemble the Puller: Assemble the hydraulic bearing puller correctly according to the manual, ensuring all components are securely connected.Connect Hydraulic Hoses: Properly connect the hydraulic hoses to the hydraulic pump of the puller, ensuring a secure connection.3. Adjusting Puller ArmsSelect Appropriate Puller Arms: Choose and adjust the size of the puller arms based on the bearing dimensions. Utilize the provided tools for adjustments.Maintain Balance: While adjusting the puller arms, ensure balance on both sides to avoid uneven force during operation.4. Operational StepsPosition the Puller: Place the hydraulic bearing puller on the equipment from which the bearing needs to be disassembled, ensuring the puller arms are correctly inserted around the bearing.Apply Hydraulic Pressure: Start the hydraulic pump, gradually increasing hydraulic pressure until the bearing begins to move. Ensure the applied force is smooth and even.Monitor the Disassembly Process: Throughout the operation, closely observe the movement of the bearing to ensure effective control of the disassembly process.5. Maintenance and StorageRegular Inspection: After use, regularly inspect all components of the hydraulic bearing puller to ensure there are no loose or damaged parts.Lubrication: Following the manual instructions, periodically apply lubricating oil to critical parts of the hydraulic bearing puller to ensure smooth operation.Storage Method: Store the hydraulic bearing puller in a dry, well-ventilated area, away from corrosive substances, and avoid piling heavy objects on it.

Solution: Injector Puller/slide hammer injector puller/pneumatic injector puller

Injector Puller At DNT Tools,we sell a range of injector removal tools for removing seized and stubborn injectors. Injectors stuck in engines has been an ongoing problem in the automotive sector since the common rail diesel was created. The reason injectors seize is because of galvanic corrosion which occurs when aluminium (the cylinder head of the vehicle) comes into contact with steel (the injector) in a wet environment, this form of corrosion makes the injectors almost impossible to remove meaning more high capacity equipment is needed to remove the injectors such as pneumatic pullers.Types is recommend following: New!!! Pneumatic Injector Puller Diesel fuel Injector Nozzle Pop Pressure Tester  for Truck 40pc Master Injector Extractor  Slide Hammer Common Rail Injector Removal Tool Injector puller removal has been an issue in the automotive industry for many years, the problem tends to be due to the injectors seizing. This happens because of galvanic corrosion which happens when aluminium, which is usually at the head of the vehicle, comes into contact with steel, which is the injector, in a wet environment. The form of this corrosion will make the injectors almost impossible to remove and will result in high capacity equipment being used to remove and dismantle injectors, this could be a Hydraulic Injector puller or pneumatic injector pullerHow do you use an injector puller?Injector pullers are essential as they are what injects fuel into the vehicle cylinder, due to their continuous use, they can be prone to breaks, cracks and other physical wear, with this in mind, you may need a new injector puller if your engine is rough, your accelerating slow, misfiring or their issues with mileage or leaks. Fuel injectors help to remove injectors that are needed for testing and cleaning as well as replacements. You will need to select the puller attachment then slide it onto the injector using a screw or slide hammer, this will safely remove the injector. Once the injector has been pulled you can remove the old seal with a screwdriver. In order to fit the new seal you will need to use the assembly cone on the tip of the injector, then slide the new seal onto the cone, you can then use the sleeve to slide the seal onto the injector.How to use a diesel injector puller?First open the bonnet, then find the valve cover on the engine, remove the bolts using a wrench then pull the valve cover from the engine. Next find the injector fuel lines that supply the injector, screw into the engine near the injector, the injectors will all have their own supply line. You can then remove the nut that keeps the supply line to the injector in place, then pull the fuel supply line out of the engine with your hands. You will then need to find the injector hold down which will be held in place with two bolts, you can remove these bolts and pull the injector away from the engine. Hold the top end of the injector and pull it out, you can then replace the injector should you need too.

Quality Tester Guide for tools

It does not matter if you happen to be a professional  or a do-it-yourself (DIY) handyman dabbler looking to fix things up at your home, you will need an array of hand tools to accomplish a multitude of tasks. Hand tools are extremely significant for use in workshops or for doing chores in and around the house.Whether you are a worker or a home-maker, a legion of hand tools at your disposal for different projects makes life considerably easier and your chores around the house a grand triumph. Hand tools can perform the bulk of working projects and accomplish the repair and maintenance of household appliances deftly. Furthermore, hand tools come in various sizes and price ranges and can be purchased without any hitches from any nigh hardware store Or online.5 Tips To Test a Tool’s Quality 1、Look the surfaceFirst of all, you have to see if there is muddy oil on the surface. Our hardware hand tool is one of the benchmarks. And when it comes to hardware products, we must look at whether the anti-rust technology is very good. The metal itself has the characteristics of rust-proof, which requires the production of hardware tools must have ultra-high anti-rust technology. When purchasing, you can see if the product is left with thick oil stains, whether it will be sticky on the hand, and if so, this product is generally unqualified. In addition, it can be distinguished by the sense of smell. If the product has a pungent odor, there are generally omissions in the production.Secondly, it depends on whether the steel printing is clear. The stamp of our hardware hand tool is very clear. It should be known that hardware products are usually printed with brand words, labels, etc. And the font is very small, but most of the products produced by the factory use steel stamping technology, and they are embossed before the heat treatment. Therefore, although the font is small, it is deeply recessed and very clear. The fonts of counterfeit products are relatively vague. Due to the rough printing technology and the fonts floating on the surface, some can even be easily erased by hand, so everyone should beware of buying fakes of hardware hand tools.Third,It depends on laser,sometimes,many tools' brand or logo by laser, the stamp is clear and background surface is good too2.Feel the WeightWhen shopping for a quality tool, take it down off the shelf and feel the weight, A lightweight utility knife might be cheaper, but it might not feel as good in your hand.” Imagine using the tool: Is it substantial enough for you to grip firmly? Typically, a higher-quality tool will be little heavier than a substandard model.There are exceptions, however. If a tool is used overhead—for example, when a wide taping knife is being used to smooth joint compound on ceilings—a heavy tool can be a burden. 3.Know Your SteelA cheap, flexible knife is probably OK for a small or one-time job, but with repeated use, it can bend without resuming its original shape. Quality materials make for a quality tool. Carbon steel is great for many hand tools, because it can be hardened to various degrees of rigidity,  we use 40 Chrome steel-A good alloy steel and 45 Carbon steel4. Consider ComfortA tool with a poorly designed grip can leave you with aching muscles and tendons, or even blisters, if it doesn’t fit well in your hand. Ergonomic handles and comfort grips allow you to complete your task without discomfort. Before buying, hold the tool in your hand as you would if you were using it. Does the handle feel good in your grasp? The bottom line: If a tool fits your hand comfortably, you’ll be able to work longer with less wrist and arm fatigue.Mostly of our product it is TPR handle is more comfort .5.Listening"Erect your ears" to listen to the sound. Shake the product to see if there is any noise. Most of the counterfeit products have backward production conditions and are completely hand-operated in the workshop. It is inevitable that impurities such as sand will be mixed in the production process. It is in the bearing body, so it will make a noise when rotating. This is the biggest difference from the genuine factory brand that strictly implements production standards and operates with machines.

Must to know Payment term when you will import tools from China

Commonly Payment methods In international trade, there are several commonly used payment methods that provide a framework for conducting transactions. These methods include:TT (Telegraphic Transfer) / Bank Wire Transfer:This is a common international payment method where the buyer transfers funds to the seller's account through a bank. It is fast and secure, but it may involve transaction fees. This is a fairly common method payment for small- to medium-sized transactions. In many cases, international wire transfers are made before the delivery of goods.Letter of Credit (LC):A letter of credit is a payment guarantee issued by the buyer's bank to ensure that the seller receives payment upon presenting compliant documents. It offers trust and security to both parties.Documentary Collection:Documentary collection is an intermediary payment method where the seller sends goods and related documents to the buyer's bank, and the buyer's bank forwards the documents to the buyer for payment. This method provides some flexibility but comes with higher payment risk for the seller.Open Account:Under an open account arrangement, the buyer receives the goods first and delays payment. This is favorable for the buyer but carries higher risk for the seller.Cash in Advance:This is the most secure payment method, where the buyer makes payment in advance before the goods are delivered. However, it may not be very flexible for the buyer.Online escrow. This payment method works like a letter of credit and is commonly used for smaller transactions, including those less than $5,000. You might find that online importers tend to prefer this method of payment. if you are interesting B2B business,only T/T,L/C is the most popular in general.

Guide: How to Import From China

Importing products from China—commonly called “the factory of the world” due to its enormous manufacturing infrastructure, skilled population, and wealth of industry experience—can boost your store’s profitability by increasing your margins and making customized products more accessible.This guide gives all of the information you need to get started importing from China—finding products, choosing and negotiating with suppliers, purchasing, and figuring out the best way to ship your items. We also discuss common shipping terms you need to know and give an overview on import costs from China—duties, taxes, and other fees.To get started: Here’s everything you need to know about importing products from China in six steps.Step 1: Select Products to ImportSourcing Chinese goods for your retail business gives you access to a wider range of products at significantly lower costs. But it is imperative to select your offerings wisely. If you’re developing a new concept or aren’t sure what to sell, read our guide to the best products to import from China.From a profitability standpoint, the products you choose to import should have:◆Consistent and sufficient demand◆Profit margins of at least 30%–50%◆Reliability (creating a low possibility for warranty cases)◆Low maintenance requirements in transit, warehousing, and/or storage (i.e., no need for climate control or special handling needs)◆No laws prohibiting them for sale in your state or country◆Aside from those basic attributes, consider the following factors when selecting goods to import:Product RestrictionsThere are laws and regulations implemented by the U.S Customs and Border Protection (CBP) that prohibit or restrict some product categories to safeguard consumer health. Failure to comply with these regulations can result in fines, delays, confiscated merchandise, and even legal penalties.It’s important to know if these stipulations apply to any of the goods you plan to import before partnering with suppliers and making your first purchase.Some examples of import regulations include:◆Commercial equipment: Products such as air conditioners, water heaters, and furnaces must have energy efficiency labels.◆Fruits, vegetables, and nuts: Many varieties must meet size, quantity, and maturity requirements. An inspection certificate must be issued by the FDA.◆Meat, poultry, and egg products: All varieties must include government-issued inspection certificates from the origin country, and are reinspected by the USDA upon entry.◆Seeds: Shipments containing seeds are detained pending the drawing and testing of samples upon entry.◆Wood packing materials: Pallets, crates, boxes, and dunnage must be heat-treated or fumigated and marked to certify treatment.◆Toys: Children’s articles must comply with safety regulations under the Federal Hazardous Substances Act and be inspected to define hazardous sharp edges and points.For a full list of commodity regulations and restrictions, refer to the CBP’s Importing Guide. Try searching the document for keywords that relate to your selected product(s).If you have questions, contact your local port of entry.Permits and LicensingThe US is one of the most import-friendly countries in the world, and in most cases, individuals and businesses do not need a license to import.That being said, importing certain commodities require a special permit or license issued by one of the government agencies that works with the CBP. These categories include:Agricultural commodities, such as plants and plant productsArms and ammunitionCertain foods, such as cheese, milk, and dairy productsLivestock, animals, and insectsTobacco and alcoholMedical equipment and supplementsFor a full list of license and permit requirements, refer to the CBP’s Importing Guide.If you have questions or need help with permits and licensing, the CBP recommends hiring a customs broker. The basic role of customs brokers is to assist importers in meeting federal requirements—but we’ll cover their services in-depth down below.Use the CBP’s free tool to find a customs broker near your local port of entry.Import TaxesNearly every product imported from China are subject to import taxes (often called tariffs or duty) that are charged in addition to federal and local sales and use taxes. If you plan on importing a more valuable shipment, tariffs should be a consideration when sourcing your products. The average US duty on imports from China is currently 19.3%, but certain products are taxed at different rates. We talk more about import taxes in the sections below.Step 2: Find Chinese Wholesale SuppliersOnce you know which products you’re sourcing (or have an idea of the qualifications they need to meet), you’ll need to find a trade partner to supply them.The majority of Chinese suppliers you’ll encounter are either trading companies or factories.Trading Companies: Business model: Trading companies are suppliers that stock a variety of products. They do not mainly produce goods, but source a variety of products (from one or more factories).Best for: Sourcing a variety of productsMinimum Order Quantity (MOQ): Lower MOQ requirements; many don’t even have an MOQCustomer service and sales support: Robust Factories:Business model: Factories primarily manufactures goods from raw materials.Best for: Sourcing custom productsMinimum Order Quantity (MOQ): High MOQ requirements, usually starts at 250 to 500, depending on productCustomer service and sales support: Average to poorThe process of importing items from your Chinese supplier will be very similar, regardless of their business model. So if the offer is right, don’t get too hung up on whether the supplier is a factory or trading company.Where to Source Chinese SuppliersHere’s a list of helpful resources to source wholesale suppliers in China.Supplier Directories & Wholesale MarketplacesSupplier directories are platforms that host information on thousands of factories, trading companies, and other vendors. You can search by product, category, location, price, or apply filters to see a range of possible trade partners. Once you shortlist your possible partners, you can reach out to them through the directory’s messaging service or listed vendors’ contact info.Wholesale marketplaces, on the other hand, serve as B2B ecommerce sites that mainly specialize in import and export trade. They can be used to buy merchandise from suppliers in bulk.Here are some of the top supplier directories and marketplaces for importing goods from China.Alibaba & AliExpressAlibaba and AliExpress are the most notable supplier and product directories for importers and dropshippers alike. These web sites are the easiest places to get started with access to suppliers around the world, and they offer amenities to simplify the process for beginners.However, the platforms receive a fair amount of fraud reports because of the lack of vetting process for vendors, and many of the vendors are unnecessary intermediaries. Perform due diligence when doing research for possible suppliers.Global SourcesGlobal Sources is a large trade show exhibition based in Hong Kong and has expanded to provide a vast online supplier directory that’s available year-round. Global Sources is known as the go-to resource for electronics and fashion apparel, but its sellers usually have higher MOQs than other directories.The platform operates similarly to Alibaba but is geared toward the more advanced buyer. It is strictly a B2B wholesale directory and employs a much more involved vetting process for its suppliers.Made-In-China.comThe platform operates similarly to Alibaba but is geared toward the sourcing manufacturer in industry product and equipment. It is strictly a B2B wholesale directory and employs a much more involved vetting process for its suppliers.DHgateDHgate is similar to AliExpress in that it serves as a wholesale marketplace more so than a supplier directory. This means it’s product-centric, making it a good choice for beginners and casual importers.The platform is known for hosting competitively priced merchandise, but buyers frequently report disappointing quality. Generally, products on DHgate are available at considerably low MOQs.One major advantage of DHgate is its payment handling system, which secures funds until the buyer confirms receipt of the goods.Trade ShowsThe best way to get connected with high-quality trade partners is to visit trade shows. Chinese trade shows are mostly free to attend and generally seasonal—usually early May and November). If you can’t attend in-person, many virtual options are available.With the easing of zero-COVID restrictions, China-based trade shows are expected to raise considerable international interest. Pre-pandemic, these exhibitions draw large, international crowds where English is commonly spoken, but translator can be hired for about $15 per day.Here are the biggest trade shows to source Chinese products and suppliers.Canton Fair:CHIS Fair: hand tools,power tools,air tools equipment and hardware productsAutomechanick Shanghai: car parts&tools&equipmentYiwu Wholesale Marketplace:Cosmetics&Electronics&Toys & Children’s Products&Medical Devices Import RecordsYou can also check which supplier your competition is working with by checking public import records.When imported shipments enter the US, the government retains a copy of the bill of lading—which includes the importer’s name, the supplier’s name, and shipment details—and makes it available for public access. This information is limited to shipments that have arrived via boat, but that still accounts for roughly 10 million records per year.Obtaining these import records is perfectly legal but it’s that easy. To get it from the customs bureau, you have to request the information, pay a fee, and wait multiple weeks for processing.As an alternative, you can use these third-party tools to eliminate the waiting period and simplify the process:Port Examiner is a free tool that allows you to search through archived import records instantly. It is functional on a small scale but lacks the features needed to aggregate raw data and export it as a CSV or Excel file.ImportGenius is a global trade database that allows users to download aggregate import data in spreadsheet format. You can sign up for a one-month free trial, and continue as a paid user—its starter plan costs $149/month.Panjiva is a more robust but expensive tool. Its platform includes advanced search functions to find relevant import data by HS number, item category, location, and more. It also expands many import records into full company profiles and provides contact information. Membership costs aren’t disclosed, but a one-month trial is available for $400.Once you have names of potential suppliers to pursue, search the internet for contact info and try getting in touch. We feature tips on initiating contact below.Supplier NetworkIf you already work with a reliable Chinese vendor but seek another product they don’t supply, try using them as a resource. It’s standard for suppliers to have tight networks and happily refer clients (they often make a 5%–10% finder’s fee).Tip: As you curate a shortlist of Chinese trade partners, look for suppliers that:◆Have long term experience with the product or category◆Have a well-established and professional operation◆Agree to a price that gives you a sufficient profit margin◆Provide after-sales support and/or warranty services◆Have all applicable certificates needed in your country◆Already export to your country and can provide references◆Give you reasonable payments termsBefore working with a new supplier, try searching SupplierBlacklist.com to see if other importers have filed any reports.How to Begin Working With a New Chinese SupplierInitiate ContactOnce you’ve identified potential suppliers, the next step is to initiate contact.If using an online resource, begin a dialogue with many prospective suppliers at a time, then refine your search as you go. Try sending an initial email or message that introduces yourself and requests any basic info that wasn’t covered in the product listing. To get started, reference our template below.    Hi, (supplier name).     My name is _____, and I’m a buyer for _____, a store in (your country) that sells (product offering). We are interested in carrying many of the     products that you have to offer.    Specifically, I would like to get pricing and availability for the following items:    (Item name, include listing photo)     (Item name, include listing photo)     (Item name, include listing photo)    If you could send more info, as well as your product catalogs, and MOQ requirements, I would greatly appreciate it.    Thank you,_____ MOQs are often strict and vary greatly from supplier to supplier, so this is an important detail to iron out early on. Startups and small stores may be limited by the MOQs they can manage.If you receive a response that seems promising, proceed to establish key info, such as:◆Product sample options◆Lead times◆Payment terms◆Packaging◆Material specifications◆Quality standards◆Shipping terms   Some Chinese suppliers are not fluent in English, so remember to write in short sentences without using complex words. Keeping your message brief and using bullet points will make your email easier to digest.   Many suppliers also prefer to communicate on WeChat. Once you’ve established a relationship you may receive replies faster on WeChat than email.Request Samples or Place a Trial OrderIf the supplier’s prices and terms are sufficient, you can “test” their goods by requesting a sample. This is a great way to preview a few products, but keep in mind that the samples you receive are likely hand-chosen and may not be representative of the supplier’s stock as a whole.To get a more accurate picture of the vendor’s regular output, try placing a trial order. Many suppliers allow new buyers to make one purchase under the normal MOQ. By ordering a small but sufficient trial order, you can test the true quality of the supplier’s product.Negotiate Pricing & TermsOnce you’re satisfied with your new supplier, you can attempt to negotiate before making a full purchase. Of course, high-volume businesses have more bargaining power, but even small operations may be able to negotiate price, freight terms, deposit terms, and packaging details.Step 3: Purchase ProductsWith the legwork of sourcing out of the way, you’re ready to place an order with your Chinese supplier(s). When placing your first order with a new supplier, it’s typically best to start with a low initial quantity before you know how a new item will perform.Transaction details are laid out within purchase orders and invoices. In addition to a purchase order, it’s important to agree with the supplier on a product specification document to ensure you’re getting what you pay for. These documents should clearly define all details of the transaction without leaving any room for misinterpretation. This includes basics (like item specifications, unit quantities, pricing, and packaging) but should also cover shipping terms (also called Incoterms) and payment terms.Shipping Terms (or Incoterms)Incoterms (International Commerce Terms) are 11 standardized freight terms that must be agreed in writing between the supplier and buyer, or no air or ocean carrier will accept the shipment.According to the International Trade Administration, the Incoterms® 2020 rules have been updated and grouped into two categories reflecting modes of transport—seven for any transport method and four for sea or land or inland waterway transport.When importing from China to the USA, these Incoterms are commonly used:◆EXW (Ex Works ): You take full responsibility and liability upon factory pickup of your order—from arranging, paying, to following up if there are any problems. Remember to add a clause to your purchase agreement that the supplier must help load the truck.◆FCA (Free To Carrier): You take responsibility and liability once the shipment is handed over to the carrier, typically near the port.◆FOB (Free On Board): You take responsibility and liability once the shipment crosses the ship’s rail. You will have to pay for the local charges between delivery to the carrier and loading on the vessel.Although the International Chamber of Commerce (ICC) recommends using Incoterms® 2020 beginning January 1, 2020, vendors and buyers can agree to use any version of Incoterms after 2020, they just need to clearly specify the chosen version of Incoterms being used (such as Incoterms® 2010, Incoterms® 2020, or any earlier version).Payment Terms & MethodsChinese suppliers typically require a 30% deposit prior to shipping, with the remaining 70% is paid once the goods are received. This helps to mitigate the risk of theft on both sides. You don’t need to worry about currency conversion, as U.S dollars (USD) is the primary global currency, and majority of Chinese suppliers accept it.You can send payments through the following methods:1. Telegraphic Transfer (TT)Telegraphic transfer (TT) payments are a standard electronic transfer of funds between banks, incur a smaller fee than other options, and are accepted by all Chinese suppliers. TT payments lack protection against theft but is still most recommended by import professionals, saying security can be better assured by doing your homework and personally vetting new suppliers.2. Letter of Credit (LC or LOC)A Letter of Credit (LC or LOC) is fund transfer that includes a level of insurance. You pay your bank, which then issues an assurance to the supplier. After your bank confirms that the exact quantity of items in your order has arrived at the correct destination, the vendor is paid.The added security is helpful but might not be worth it because of the sizable fees. It’s very unlikely that a vetted supplier will take your money and run—the bigger risks that importers face are problems with item quality and shipping delays. An LC provides no protection against either of these possibilities, so it’s commonly used for very large transactions only.3. Alibaba Trade AssuranceAlibaba offers a payment processing option that works similarly to getting an LC from your bank. You submit the payment to a designated Alibaba account (with the Singapore City Bank), then it’s released to the supplier once shipping is confirmed.Unlike LC payments, Alibaba Trade Assurance will refund your money if the shipment is delayed beyond a specified date or if the quality of the goods is not compliant with the agreed product specifications.This method requires both parties to have an Alibaba account, but it is free to use. The only fee that incurs is the cost of processing your initial payment to the Alibaba account.4. PayPalThis option is secure and straightforward—but not commonly used by importers. PayPal charges very high transaction fees, and many suppliers don’t have PayPal accounts to accept the payment.When it is used, PayPal is usually reserved for small, introductory purchases—such as samples and trial orders.Product SpecificationsUnlike domestic US dealings, having a hard-and-fast purchase contract isn’t particularly helpful when importing from China. As mentioned earlier, contracts don’t carry the same weight that they do in the US.It does, however, help to include clearly defined product specifications that your supplier signs and agrees to. This document isn’t legally binding, but it greatly decreases your chances of winding up with a batch of low-quality, misrepresented products.Along with your purchase order and invoice, submit a checklist or spreadsheet stating the product’s specs—such as weight, dimensions, color, material type, fabric thickness, component manufacturer, and labeling requirements. It also helps to create visual references when applicable (the more clear and straightforward you can be, the better). Here’s an example.Product Specification ChecklistItem: Women’s chino pants, size mediumFabric: Organic cotton, 200 gsmFabric Color: Pantone 443Design: As specified in product_listing_image.png attachmentDimensions: As specified in product_measurements.png attachmentCare label: As specified in label_design.png attachmentZipper: YKKCalifornia Prop 65 Compliant: YesCPSIA (US) Compliant: YesDimensions AttachmentShowing dimensions of jeans.Images, illustrations, and visual representations of product specs help to avoid any miscommunicated expectations. (Source: Medium)Label AttachmentStep 4: Arrange Cargo TransportDepending on the shipping terms of your order, you may need to facilitate inland transport, including export customs clearance and loading. But more often than not, orders placed with new suppliers will be on FOB (as explained above)—in which case these steps will be handled by the supplier. It is recommended to use a freight forwarder, such as Flexport, to handle import shipping.Freight forwarders specialize in the logistics of cargo shipments—such as facilitate scheduling, tracking, insurance, and more. They can save you money by consolidating LCL (Less than Container Load) cargo with other deliveries. They also have access to volume discounts through partnered shipping companies—so they’re able to offer highly competitive rates.When it comes to transport rates, sea freight is quoted by volume, whereas air shipments are quoted by weight. Using an air courier is the most expensive method, while booking air freight costs about half as much and choosing sea freight costs about 10% as much.Air courier shipping is typically a door-to-door service, meaning your goods are shipped straight to their final destination. DHL, FedEx, and UPS are commonly-used air courier services. If your goods are valued at $800 or more, these carriers will provide customs brokerage services to get your shipment cleared for entry—although it usually incurs an additional surcharge.Air and sea freight methods are booked from the port of origin to an airport or seaport near you. From there, you’ll need to arrange shipping to your final destination. This can be done by your freight forwarder or scheduled yourself using a freight broker. We recommend NTG (formerly FreightPros) as the best freight broker for small businesses.Step 5: Clear Your Shipment Through CustomsCustoms clearance is a critical part of importing from China. If you don’t provide the correct documentation and follow the right procedures, you run the risk of having your goods detained and/or examined—both of which result in delays and hefty fees. In the worst-case scenario, your merchandise is seized by CBP and destroyed or sold at auction.To obtain clearance from the CBP, you must take the necessary entry, examination, valuation, classification, and clearance measures. The customs process, costs, and requirements vary depending on the value of your shipment, as shown below. Here’s a breakdown of each of these factors.Customs Duty (Import Tax)Duties—also called tariffs—are paid at the time of import by the importer of record—which can be you, the exporter, or another party that you designate (like a customs broker). Import duties are to be paid to the port of entry, prior to release of your cargo. Accepted forms of payment include US currency, personal checks, government checks, money orders, and travelers’ checks. Some ports also accept Visa and Mastercard.Imported cargo valued at $800 or more (as according to the order’s commercial invoice) is subject to duties and other taxes.Shipments below the United States’ de minimis value of $800 are duty-free.To calculate your import taxes, identify your products’ Harmonized Tariff System (or HTS) classification. Once you find their corresponding HS codes, you will know the tariff rate associated with that product. The code will then be listed on the commercial invoice.Refer to the government’s Harmonized Tariff Schedule to estimate duties for your shipment. For the most accurate information on what tariffs to expect, contact your local port of entry or hire a customs broker (which is an option we’ll explore below).What is the Harmonized Tariff System?Duty rates are organized in the Harmonized Tariff System (or HTS), which classifies imports by category and assigns a taxation percentage. The U.S. International Trade Commission hosts an interactive database that can help you find the HS (Harmonized System) code and estimate the duty rate for any product you’re considering.What is an HS Code?An HTS/HS code indicates whether or not the U.S. has a trade relationship with any country for specific product imports. The U.S. International Trade Commission (USITC) classified tariff rates into three categories:General (Normal Trade Relations or Most Favored Nation)Special (Free Trade Agreement)No Trade RelationshipChina falls under the “General” category, meaning the countries do not have a trade agreement in place. As such, no special treatment is given on imports of goods from China to the U.S.A.Entry Requirements & DocumentationAs your merchandise reaches the United States, it will need to be filed for either informal or formal entry.Informal EntryShipments valued at less than $2500 don’t require formal entry—they are processed through informal entry, which can be done on the spot.The shipping company can clear them through customs on your behalf—although it often incurs a charge. Alternatively, you can process the entry at the port yourself or authorize another party to do so for you. For more info on these options, contact your carrier company, or refer to the CBP’s website.Formal EntryCargo with a value of $2,500 or more must be filed as a formal entry. This requires a hefty amount of documentation as well as a Surety bond (which we’ll explain below).◇ You can expect roughly $200–$300 in customs fees for formal entries and $100–200 in brokerage fees.◇If you used air or sea freight to transport your shipment, you’ll be notified five days from the cargo’s expected arrival.◇If you shipped via air courier (such as DHL), it’s standard for the carrier to take care of customs clearance for you, then bill you for the service (along with any incurred fees).Once notified, it’s your responsibility to file an entry with the port director at the port of entry (or to hire a broker to do so on your behalf).You’ll need to have the following documents prepared:◆A receipt or a bill of lading that states the importer of record (i.e., you or your hired broker) and the items to be imported.◆An official invoice that lists◇US port of entry◇Contact information of Purchaser, Vendor, and Shipper◇Detailed description of merchandise (including country of manufacture)◇Piece count of each product (quantities and measures)◇Cost per item and currency◇All charges relating to the shipment including packaging, shipping charges◆Date of purchaseThe invoice must be in English or accompanied by an accurate English translationAn arrival notice, issued by the shipping carrier and authorized by a U.S. Customs Agent. To speed up the customs process and ensure things go smoothly, work with your supplier on the following tips:Be sure that all information on the provided invoice is legible, clear, organized, and well-translated.Submit a packing list along with other documentation.Mark or number the outside of each package in your shipment with corresponding designations on your invoice or packing list. This will help customs officials identify particular items in your shipment.Assure compliance with government regulations in your country before export.Customs BondsIf your shipment is a formal entry, you’ll also need a customs bond.◆A customs bond is a legal contract between you (the principal), a surety company, and CBP. Its purpose is to guarantee that the importer complies with customs regulations and that CBP is paid for applicable import duties, taxes, fines, and penalties.◆If the principal doesn’t pay up, the CBP will collect from the surety company that issued the bond. From there, the surety company can use legal means to collect what is owed to them. When a bond is required, Customs will not release the goods until the bond is posted and regulatory requirements are met.To obtain a customs bond, you must go through a surety licensed by the U.S. Department of the Treasury—which includes many customs brokers. To get more information and a full list of sureties, visit the CBP’s webpage on customs bonds.Customs BrokersUsing a customs broker is not legally required during import shipments. It is, however, strongly recommended by both CBP and industry pros when importing formal entries.◆Customs brokers assist importers in meeting Federal requirements for entry. These import/export professionals are licensed by the CBP but are not government employees—they usually work for freight forwarders, independent businesses, shipping lines, or dedicated customs brokerage firms.◆Customs brokers work as liaisons between you and relevant agencies, preparing and submitting necessary documents, properly classifying goods, and providing personalized consulting. Plus, many customs brokers sell bonds and are also agents for sureties.Overall, customs brokers are extremely savvy in import and export laws and are actively regulated by the government agencies they work with. This makes them a vital resource to have while navigating your first formal entry.The cost of customs brokerage varies depending on the agent and shipment, but expect to spend somewhere around $100–$200 for their services. Alternatively, many brokers are available for consulting on an hourly basis.Use the CBP’s free tool to find a customs broker near your local port of entry. You can also contact the CBP Broker Management Branch by emailing brokermanagement@cbp.dhs.gov.Holds and ExaminationsIn an effort to improve the security of the supply chain, CBP can select certain shipments to examine during customs. This results in delays, and the responsible party is charged an examination fee.Highly confidential algorithms are used to evaluate the degree of risk for each shipment entering the United States. If your cargo is flagged as potentially risky for any reason, it may be selected for a customs exam.While it’s impossible to know what exactly goes into the CBP’s algorithms, it’s accepted that these factors increase your chances of being selected for an exam:◇Lack of shipment history◇Infrequency of shipments◇Questionable chain of custody◇High-risk products or materials◇Problematic packaging or labeling◇High-risk country of origin◇Incomplete paperwork◇Consolidation with other shipments that have high-risk attributesUltimately, even if your shipment is totally benign and you follow every precaution, your cargo may still be included in the 1%–3% that are randomly chosen for examination.Multiple types of exams may be done. The least invasive is an x-ray that takes two to three days and costs around $300. “Tail Gate Exam,” another possibility, will break the seal of your container or packaging to inspect its contents visually; this takes five to six days and generally incurs a $350 charge.The most dreaded and intrusive exam requires your shipment to be transported to a Customs Examination Station, where it is thoroughly inspected and sometimes laboratory-tested. This process takes anywhere from a week to 30 days or longer and incurs thousands of dollars in fees (including drayage charges).The best way you can avoid being selected for customs holds and examinations is to ensure your paperwork is complete, provide accurate valuations of your goods, and work with well-vetted suppliers.Retrieving Your Imported GoodsOnce your goods have been cleared through customs and all parties have been paid, the cargo needs to either be retrieved or transported to its final destination.◆If you shipped LCL (Less than Container Load), your goods would arrive in a container with a variety of other shipments. Typically, after customs clearance, this container will be transported to a separate location for destuffing. In these cases, you (or your freight forwarder) will be provided with a secondary location near the original port.◆If you shipped FCL (Full Container Load), the port of entry would be the location to use.You’ll also be provided with a Cargo Control Number that serves as a unique identifier for your shipment. These details can then be used to pick up or ship the imported goods.Hiring a freight forwarder is the most common way to handle transport to your final warehouse, office, or retail space. Depending on the distance, this can require delivery by train, air, truck, or a combination of modes. Expect to pay $100 or more for this inland shipping. Alternatively, you can use a broker such as NTG to book inland freight.If you choose to retrieve your goods personally rather than have them delivered, you can bring your vehicle to the port or warehouse. Be sure to carry a small amount of cash ($25–$75) to pay potential parking, loading, and/or dock fees. Step 6: Process Imported Goods for SaleWhen your imported goods reach the end of their journey at your warehouse, store, or office, the final step is to process them for sale like you would any other merchandise. This usually involves:◆◆Pricing products profitably◆◆Creating product listings with product descriptions and photos that sell◆◆Managing inventory◆◆Fulfilling orders in-house or through a third-party service like ShipBobSelling imported goods requires a few slight differences in your operation. Be sure to consider these final and ongoing tasks when importing goods from China:Manage Product QualityProduct quality is a common pain point importers struggle with when buying from new suppliers, and it’s always best to detect discrepancies early on.When you first receive an imported shipment, check the order against its invoice to verify that the quantity is correct. Then, thoroughly evaluate the goods you received against your agreed-upon specification checklist.If the product you received is not what you expected, start by identifying who is at fault. Did you accidentally overlook a crucial detail in your specifications or design illustrations? Or did the vendor simply deliver a misrepresented product?◆◆If the supplier is at fault, there are a few courses of action you can take.◆◆If you opted for Alibaba’s Trade Assurance option or used PayPal for the transaction, there’s a high chance of getting your money back through those companies.Try contacting the supplier to request some form of resolution—be it a replacement order or a complete (or partial) refund.◆◆If the loss is great enough, you may consider litigation. You would need to carry out any legal action in China because the country’s courts do not enforce judgments from those in foreign countries. Needless to say, this process is resource-intensive—and it comes without any sort of assurance that you’ll come out on top.◆◆When all else fails, you can discourage others from using crooked suppliers through social media, industry forums, and sites like SupplierBlacklist.com.

Solution for Deep Groove Ball Bearing Removal and Tools recomment

What is ball bearing? A ball bearing is a type of rolling-element bearing that uses balls to maintain the separation between the bearing races.The purpose of a ball bearing is to reduce rotational friction and support radial and axial loads. It achieves this by using at least two  races to contain the balls and transmit the loads through the balls. In most applications, one race is stationary and the other is attached to the rotating assembly (e.g., a hub or shaft). As one of the bearing races rotates it causes the balls to rotate as well. Because the balls are rolling they have a much lower coefficient of friction than if two flat surfaces were sliding against each other.Ball bearings tend to have lower load capacity for their size than other kinds of rolling-element bearings due to the smaller contact area between the balls and races. However, they can tolerate some misalignment of the inner and outer races.How to replace when ball bearing is brokenStep                   Remove seal and open selected    Insert appropriate bearing adapter    Insert the second adapter into section of ball cage.                       and rotate it 90° ensuring positive     prepared area diametrically                                                       grip within the bearing race.               opposed.The professional tools is recommend following       New Products OEM Custom ball bearing puller for sales |DNT tool company|hand tools Leading Chinese tool company supplier wholesale high quality ball bearing puller tool to extractor bearings,Made in China Blind Housing Puller kit The Blind housing puller kit is an adapter-type puller for dismounting deep groove ball bearings in blind housings. Deep groove ball bearing puller The deep groove ball-bearing puller is an adapter-type puller for dismounting deep groove ball bearings in blind housings.

How To: Inspect Your Inner & Outer Tie Rod Ends

How to inspect tie rod end If you’re driving along and suddenly your car’s steering wheel doesn’t seem very responsive, the tie rod ends could be the problem. Tie rods are what causes the front wheels in your car to move at the same time. Bad tire rods cause the steering wheel to loosen, your tires to wear out unevenly, and even your car to veer when you take your hands off the wheel. Although these problems sound a little frightening, checking a tire rod isn’t difficult at all. If you find a bad tire rod, you can even replace it on your own to get back on the road againThings You Should ● Test the outer tie rod by jacking your car and then gripping the rubber of your tire. If it moves when you push in your left and right hands, it's likely bad.● Then, remove your tire and look for the boot on the outer tire rod. If it has ​​breaks or tears, it’s bad and needs to be replaced.● With the tire still off, look for the inner tie rod connected to the outer one. If it has cracks or leaks, replace it. Step By StepJacking up a CarPark your car on a hard, level surface so you can jack it up safely. Move it to an area that is away from street traffic. Make sure you also have plenty of room to move outside of the car. If you have room in your garage, for instance, put it there. Otherwise, you could try your driveway or even an empty parking lot.● You will have to jack up the car to access the tie rods, and it isn’t safe to do on soft surfaces like grass or dirt.● Choosing a level surface prevents the car from rolling forward while you’re under it.Place wheel chocks behind the rear tires to stop them from moving. Purchase a few pairs of these small blocks to prevent the rear wheels from moving. Wedge them underneath the tires from behind. Set another one in front of each rear wheel.● Wheel chocks, along with everything else you may need to check tie rods, are available online and at most auto parts stores.● If you don’t have plastic chocks, you can use pieces of scrap wood, but make sure the car can’t move at all.Locate safe jack points behind the front wheels. If you look underneath the car, you may be able to see a small seam in the metal frame. You can easily slide a jack underneath these points to lift up the wheels. Another option is to use the jack pad underneath the engine on the front of your car. If you plan on doing it this way, you can lift up both wheels at the same time rather than doing them one at a time.● Make absolutely sure the jack is underneath one of the jack points! If you position it incorrectly, you could damage vital car parts.● If you’re unsure where the jack points our, check your car’s owner’s manual. They can be in slightly different spots for each vehicle, but use them to prevent frame damage. Use a jack to lift up one of the wheels. Slide the jack underneath the car so its top is right underneath the jack point. Crack the jack’s handle clockwise until the wheel is off the ground. Make sure you have enough room to reach behind the wheel. You can leave the other wheel alone until you’re ready to test the tie rod on that side.● For accuracy, test the tie rod while the wheel is still on. This can only be done while the wheel is off the ground. You can remove the wheel afterward to further inspect it. Position a jack stand behind the jack for more stability. Working underneath a car isn’t safe without a jack stand. Slip the jack stand underneath the jack point, then raise it until it’s touching the bottom of the vehicle. Make sure it’s firmly lodged in place so it can help bear the weight. If you have both wheels lifted at the same time, place a stand behind each of them.● Jack stands help keep the car supported, even if it happens to fall off the jack.You don’t have to remove the jack, but you can if it’s in your way. The stand will keep the car supported. Testing the Outer Tie RodShake the tie rod by hand to see if it feels loose. Kneel in front of the tire, placing your hands along its sides. Get a good grip on the rubber. Then, push in with your left hand. Pull it back and push in with your right hand. Keep alternating this way to test the tire.● No matter how big your muscles are, you can’t move a tire much when its tie rod is still good.● Replace the tie rods if the wheel feels loose or squeaks. Normally, you won’t be able to move the wheel very much just by shaking it. If you notice that it seems floppy and it wobbles back and forth, then the tie rod could have a problem.Lower the car to loosen the wheel’s lug nuts. Testing the tie rod is much easier when the wheel is off, but you can’t remove the wheels without loosening the lug nuts. To do this safely, the car has to be on the ground. Get a tire iron or another tool to break loose the nuts. Instead of removing them, give them about a quarter-turn counterclockwise.● The lug nuts take a bit of force to loosen, so they are hard to loosen while the car is jacked up.● Keep the lug nuts on so that the wheel doesn’t come off while the car is on the ground. If it does, you will have a hard timeJack the car up again to further test the tie rod. Lift the car back up so the wheel is off the ground. Put the jack stands back to stabilize the vehicle. Make sure you have plenty of room to move backward so you can pull the wheel away from the tie rods.● Having to raise and lower the car can seem like extra work, but it’s important for safety. You can’t get an accurate test while the rod is off, but you also can’t loosen the lug nuts while the car is jacked up.Pull the wheel backwards with both hands to remove it. Unscrew the lugnuts by turning them counterclockwise by hand. After setting them aside, place your hands on the wheel’s sides. Grip the back end and pull the wheel toward you. Alternate pulling it on the left and right until it comes off the car.● If you’re having a hard time removing the lug nuts, work them with a tire iron or wrench.● If your tire is stuck, tap its rim with a rubber mallet. It helps break free a rusted tire, but you usually have to pull it with a lot of force as well. Locate the thick, metal tie rod with a black cap that's connected to the wheel. Cars have an inner and outer tie rod on both front wheels. If you look behind the wheel, you will see a thin, metal rod running from the wheel to what looks like a black spring. The outer tie rod is the black or silver part threaded onto the tire end of the metal rod. It connects to a round cap secured to the wheel with a nut.● The cap both protects the tie rod and secures it to the wheel. If the cap isn’t there, the tie rod won’t last too long, either. Inspect the boot on the outer tire rod for breaks or tears. The plastic cap on the end of the tire rod is there to protect it from damage. If you notice a tear on it, gently pull it apart with your hands. Look for grit from dirt and other debris inside. It ruins the tie rod, so replace it to keep your car running.● The boot is replaceable, but it isn’t worth replacing unless you catch tears when they are new. If you wait, dirt gets in and you have to replace the whole outer rod Shake the tie rod by hand to test its fit. Place your hand right next to the boot. While keeping a firm grip on it, attempt to shake it left and right. It shouldn’t move very easily. If it seems loose, then your tie rod has gone bad and is no longer safe to use.● Listen for squeaking, clicking, and other unusual noises. These are also good signs that your tie rod needs replacing.● If you are able to access the rod without moving the wheel, watch it while someone else shakes the wheel. Getting a good view of the rod can be tough, but it can give you a better idea about how loose it is. Check the tie rod on the other front wheel for damage using the same process. If you only have one jack, put the wheel back and attach the lug nuts. Lower the wheel down with the jack before moving to the opposite wheel. After jacking it up, repeat all the tests as needed to determine if that rod has gone bad as well.● If both rods look like they are wearing out, replace them both for your own safety. They often wear out at the same time. They cost about $20 to $95 USD.● The rods don’t have to be replaced at the same time. If one of the rods looks like it’s in good condition, you can keep it. Checking the Inner Tie RodRemove the wheel if it is on the car. The inner tie rod is a little difficult to reach with the tire in the way. While the car is on the ground, loosen the lug nuts with a tire iron, but don’t remove them. Use a jack to raise the tire off the floor, then unscrew the lug nuts by hand. Finally, pull the tire toward you to get it off of the vehicle.● Make sure your car is stable on jack stands before reaching underneath it.● You can reach the inner rod while the wheel is on, but it’s tricky. With the wheel off, the rod is much easier to spot and reach.Find the thinner inner tie rod connected to the outer one. Follow the outer tie rod from the wheel to the middle part of the car. The outer rod is like a sleeve that the inner rod plugs into. It’s end is threaded as well, so you can use that to better see where the two connect. The opposite end of the inner rod connects to a black, plastic cap called a rack boot that kind of looks like a spring.● The inner tie rod is always smaller than the outer one. It’s always connected to the end of the inner rod. Look for cracks, leaks, or other signs of damage in the area. Check the parts around the inner rod as well. Take a look at the rack boot joining the rod to the car’s steering shaft. If the tie rod looks damaged, replace the whole thing. If the rack boot has a tear, pull it open gently to inspect it for debris. Replace it if the tie iron looks dirty. ● The rack boot can be replaced, saving you from having to get a new tie iron. However, this only works if the tie iron is still in good shape.● Keep in mind that the inner tie irons wear out far less frequently than the outer ones. If your car has a problem, it will most likely be the outer rod, the rack boot, or even the steering column before it is the tie rod..Shake the tie rod to test its movement. Reach underneath the car toward the exposed metal rod behind the wheel well. Pull it left and right to see how much it moves. It should stay relatively still. If it seems to sway a lot, then it needs to be replaced.● It’s normal for the inner tie rod to spin without making much noise. If you hear popping or other noises coming from anywhere but the rack boot, then something is wrong with it.Jack up the other front wheel to test its inner tie rod. Replace the wheel first before removing the jack. Take it to the jack point behind the other wheel. After raising the car, reach underneath it to get a hold on the inner rod. Inspect it to make sure it looks undamaged, then shake it to see if it wobbles or makes noise.● The inner tie rod is a little more difficult to remove than the other one. It requires a tie rod separator to detach it from the outer rod. Take it to a mechanic if you are unable to do it on your own.● Replacement inner tie rods cost about $25 to $109.● You don’t have to change out both inner rods at the same time or replace them when you’re installing new outer rods.

what is basic Essential Automotive Tools

Automotive tools have been designed to make automotive repairs, modifications and servicing easy, making them essential for use when working on vehicles.Without the right tools on hand, you will find it difficult to complete the tasks you need to perform without errors or delays. Coupled with the right equipment and skills, automotive tools can help you solve almost every issue that a vehicle might experience.Every automotive mechanic or technician should have a reliable set of essential tools to service their cars or serve their customers.  Wrench / spanner setsThe wrench or spanner is an important automotive tool. It helps remove bolts or nuts with ease, and small and long handle spanners provide flexibility when you need to operate in tight or narrow spaces. As vehicles like cars have bolts in almost every place, including the engine, doors, and interior, it is essential to have a reliable set of wrenches handy for easy operation.Whether you need imperial or metric spanners or prefer the variability of adjustable shifters, it is wise to stock every type of spanner in your tool kit. Having them both in a small and large set will help you in the long run.Ratchet and socket setA ratchet and socket set are useful tools to remove lug nuts, bolts and the like. Whether you need to remove a wheel and replace a flat tyre or dislodge the car's oil pan to change the oil in the engine, an adjustable ratchet with imperial and metric sockets will help you operate on almost every vehicle.Make sure you have various ratchet handle types to work in different environments. Whether you require reversible, self-locking or quick-release ratchets, we stock a wide range for your consideration.Screwdriver setAs screws are another common fastening device used on vehicles, owning a screwdriver kit is highly recommended. A fully stocked kit with various types of screwdrivers and accessories will help you service many types of vehicles. You should consider owning Philips head, flat head, long handle, short handle, stubby and thin form screwdrivers to provide you many options when servicing a vehicle. Also, you must use the right type of screwdriver accessory to avoid damaging the head of the screw or shearing the thread when fastening.PliersPliers help in removing materials effectively without cutting through them. Available in various formations, this tool assists in removing materials in different circumstances. Whether you are looking to purchase standard pliers, needle nose pliers, pump pliers, hook nose pliers, insulated pliers or anything else, we have all types of pliers sets available for the job.Trolley jackA trolley jack helps to raise a vehicle off the ground so that you can operate underneath with sufficient space. Needed on sites that do not have a vehicle hoist, trolley jacks work on hydraulics to raise the car securely and lower it to avoid vehicle damage. Although available in various sizes and capacities, you must check load rating to avoid damaging the jack during operation. Hook and pick setA hook and pick set contains handy tools used to retrieve wires, provide access around hoses and pipes, safely isolate important components, and help the technician during other delicate operations. These tools are versatile and can also be used to carefully remove materials that have been fastened together without causing damage to the surrounding environment.Battery analyserAnother tool worth stocking in your toolkit is a 12-volt battery analyser device. The handheld machine can provide information about the battery's voltage and other important analytics, including the charge, rating, etc. With an inbuilt printer using thermal technology, you can save and print the data for record-keeping. It also has a memory function so that you can recall prior readings.Torch or worklightA torch or worklight is another staple item in every automotive technician's toolbox. Torches act as a light source and help you operate in dark conditions or hard-to-access areas of the vehicle. This tool comes in handy when an error in judgment can lead to vehicle damage. Since automotive parts can be costly, since most are specialised and proprietary to the vehicle's manufacturer, taking extreme care in operating on the vehicle is advisable.HammerA hammer is a tool with many applications, without which you will face difficulty performing even the most common tasks on your vehicle. Whether you need to push something into alignment or need extra force to remove something, a hammer can provide the precise application of force that you can control. We stock hammers in different sizes to help you find the perfect one for the intended application. 

Tools Recommended: How to Choose the Right BMW Specialty Tools

The BMW is a beautiful car and the owner should be proud of this work of expert craftsmanship. These are not low-cost vehicles, and an owner has every right to seek out the best specialty tools for servicing a BMW. While it doesn’t have to be an extensive search, there are a few necessary points that have to be included in choosing the right BMW specialty tools. Silent Block Tool Set For BMW Silent Block Tool Set For BMW 10PC TIMING TOOL SET FOR BMW M42/44/50/52/54/56 10PC TIMING TOOL SET FOR BMW M42/44/50/52/54/56 Camshaft timing tool for BMW M60&M62 Camshaft timing tool for BMW M60&M62 camshaft alignment locking tool for BMW N20/N26 wholesaler of camshaft alignment locking tool for BMW N20/N26 provide camshaft timing tool set to mechanicians Camshaft Alignment Timing Tool for BMW M52TU,M54,M56Source a Large Selection of China Camshaft Alignment Timing Tool suppliers and manufacturer directory from China DNT Tools Engine Timing Tool For BMW N51,N52.N53.N54,N55 Engine Timing Tool For BMW N51,N52.N53.N54,N55 correct the BMW engine camshaft,from DNT Tools,oem,custom service Adjustable Fuel Tank Lid Remover for BMW,AUDI,VW Universal Adjustable Fuel Tank Lid Remover For BMW,AUDI,VW wholesaler from China OEM SERVICE Engine Timing Tool Set For BMW N42/N46 Engine Chinese tool supplier wholesale 18 PC Petrol Engine Timing Locking Tool Kit only used for BMW N42 N46 engine Camshaft Alignment Tool For BMW N52/N53/N54 engine Camshaft Alignment tool for BMW N52/N53/N54 engine engine timing tool for BMW special BMW engine tool Engine Timing Tool Set For BMWEngine Timing Tool Set for BMW Engine Timing Tool For BMW MINI Engine Timing Tool For BMW Mini correct the BMW engine camshaft timing belt change Camshaft Alignment Tool Set For BMW Camshaft Alignment Tool Set For BMW professional timing belt replacement tool. Camshaft Alignment Tool For BMW N62/N73 Petrol Engine Timing Locking Tool Kit Supplier provide professional camshaft timing tool for BMW N62 N73 Double Vanos Camshaft Alignment Tool For BMW M52 TU/M54/M56 Wholesaler double Vanos Camshaft Alignment Tool For BMW M52 TU/M54/M56, original automotive tools manufacturer from China Front Camber Adjusting Kit For BMW engineBMW camber adjustment tool 1.Professional automotive tools 2.hand tools only can use for BMW engine

what is Auto Mechanic Tools list

Whether you are learning the basics or are a garage veteran, you need the right tools to repair a vehicle. However, it can be quite confusing to identify the right tools to use, especially if you are a new mechanic. There are basic tools that are a must-have to start working on your car and common tools which contain specific sets allowing you to work on more complex repairs.There are also advanced tools that professionals use for unique and specific situations. Using the right tools and equipment will make a significant difference. The difference between a mechanic and a great mechanic is having an understanding of the tools to use and when to use them.1. Oil Filter WrenchAn oil change is one of the most common works for an entry-level mechanic. An oil filter wrench is an essential tool that is used to remove spin-on-type oil filters. Oil filter accumulates a lot of grime and grease, and thus it could be impossible to remove them without the right tool. An oil filter wrench enables you to remove any oil filter. It enables you to hold the canisters of the oil filter for easy removal. The different types of oil filter wrenches you can use are strap-style wrenches, specialist wrenches, universal oil filter wrenches, or socket-style wrench.2. Wrench and Socket SetWrenches are of different types and sizes. Those meant for regular auto mechanic use range from 6mm to 24 mm. It is recommended that you get wrenches set made of chrome-vanadium since it is quite durable and long-lasting. There are different types of wrenches. They include adjustable wrenches, tube wrenches, line wrenches, combination wrenches, flare-nut wrenches, flex-head wrenches, box-end wrenches, and open-end wrenches.Wrenches offer a tight grip and help you in the application of torque. Their main use is to turn different fasteners in your car, like bolts and nuts. If you have to choose between buying the standard and metric wrenches, it is advisable to consider the metric wrenches. Some sets will contain wrenches and sockets. When it comes to sockets, you will most probably need to have those that range from 6mm to 24mm and sometimes up to 32mm.3. ScrewdriversThis is another basic tool that every mechanic needs to have in their toolbox. Screwdrivers come in different gauges and lengths, and they save a lot of time. Get a screwdriver set that contains stubbed and small screwdrivers, skinny and long screwdrivers as well and torque screwdrivers. If you want something more advanced, then you can consider powered screwdrivers that come with rechargeable batteries. These screwdrivers are used to rotate air or electric motors.4. Impact GunAn impact gun is also known as an impact wrench. It is used to remove wheel bolts and speed up other heavy-duty processes, whether in the engine, steering, or suspension. Between the cordless and air-powered impact guns, consider the cordless one since it is much more powerful.5. HammerYour toolbox cannot be complete if it does not have a hammer, and it also must have any automobile workshop tools list. A hammer enables you to do anything that needs mending and hitting. You can use it to knock out nail heads or work with any stuck component. There are several types of hammers, and you need to be careful during purchase. It is advisable to get a hammer with a rubber handlebar since it ensures a good grip. Some of the types of hammers used are ball peen hammers, claw hammers, club hammers, dead blow hammers, framing hammers, Drilling hammers, and sledgehammers. The most common type of hammer used by mechanics is the ball-peen hammer. A Club hammer is, however, necessary when dealing with big industrial vehicles.6. PliersMost vehicle repair jobs will require one to have pliers. Pliers are used by mechanics when changing hoses, repairing brakes, and even when working with other connectors. They are also useful in handling hot objects and compressing and bending materials. Some common types of pliers are bent nose pliers, slip joint pliers, lineman’s pliers, and diagonal pliers, Fencing Pliers, among others. When fixing coolant hoses and clamps, you need to use pliers that come with vice-grips. Pliers came in different sizes and shapes. However, ensure that you have a cutter, long-nosed, and normal pliers in your toolbox. The tool will save you big time when dealing with tough bolts and nuts.7. Vise-GripVice-grips are also known as locking pliers. They are handheld clamps with a shape similar to that of pliers. This tool is useful when you need to hold something which is in an awkward position, grip something in place for a long time, or grab something without gripping features. Vice-grips are mainly sold in a set of 4, but you can also buy one classic one if you are not in a position to get the full set.8. RatchetRatchets are also known as socket wrenches. They have a socket on one side which allows a one-way turning. They are used for several automotive uses and are easy to use on cramped, awkward angles and small spaces. You can use them to loosen or tighten bolts easily and quickly. Socket wrenches set should at least contain three different sizes. There is a large one (1/2), a medium (3/8), and small one (1/4). They allow you to work with accuracy, speed, and freedom.9. FunnelsFunnels are helpful to mechanics when they need to pour any type of liquid or oil to avoid spillage. Funnels have no alternative. If you change the oil of your vehicle without using a funnel, the spilled oil may cause gasses and odors, which may end up affecting the engine. You are advised to use different funnels for different purposes. Avoid using the same funnel you use to pour oil for pouring water or coolant. If you do not want to buy a set of funnels, ensure that you have a long and a short funnel in your toolbox.10. LED Flashlight or Work LightWhen working on car repairs, visibility is not always obvious. Imagine you are driving at night and getting stuck in the middle of the road. It is impossible to repair a car in the dark. An LED work light acts as a backup to provide you with light whenever you need it. This will enable you to look in every corner of the vehicle to know where exactly the problem is. Having proper lighting will make a big difference during a repair. At times, you will also need the flashlight during the day to pull and fins specific bolts from the vehicle. A headlamp is a great option when working beneath the car since you will be able to use both of your hands.11. ScissorsScissors are an important tool for a mechanic since they can save them in an emergency. It is part of a tire puncture repair kit. It can help in cutting wires, electric tapes, and zip ties, among other tasks. It may not be a specific tool for mechanics, but it is basic for a well-equipped toolbox due to its versatility.12. Test LightTest lights are used during the inspection of blown fuses, starters diagnosing, light bulbs not working, and other simple electric problems. The best type of test light you should buy is a dual-polarity test light. It is of great help to any beginner mechanic for it will help them to make a correct electric diagnosis. Every Auto mechanic Should Include this tool mechanic hand tools list, especially those who repair the Vehicle’s electrical system.13. Jumper CablesThis is one of the most important tools for both beginner and experienced mechanics. Jumper cables function as a bridge in the supply of 12v from working to a dead car battery. A mechanic should have their own set of jumper cables, especially if you are in your repair shop.14. Tire Pressure Gauge & InflatorOne common task a mechanic does is maintenance and tire jobs. You will need to check the air pressure of the car as you adjust them quite a number of times in a day. This job will only become easier if you have the best tire pressure and inflator gauge. A Tire pressure gauge is the most simple air-compressed tool. As soon as you buy a compressor, then you need to purchase this tool. The tire inflator gauge will enable you to always have your tire pressure spot on. Ensure you get one with a gauge reading of at least 100PSI or 8 bars.15. GrinderA grinder is quite useful, especially when working on metal cutting works or exhaust lines. If possible, buy a straight and 90-degree angle grinder. You can use the straight grinder for exhaust works, brake system maintenance as well as cutting disks for different purposes. The 90-degree grinder, on the other hand, is ideal to use on wheel hubs, valve covers, wheels, and rims. Grinders are very versatile tools. They perform multiple tasks, from sharpening, polishing, sanding, routing out mortars, cutting pavers, stucco and tiles, and grinding metals.16. MultimeterA multimeter is a crucial tool for electrical troubleshooting and diagnosis. It enables you to measure amperage, resistance, and voltage. Ensure that the multimeter can read amps. This is useful in checking fuses and batteries, just to mention a few. It also helps mechanics to check if they have a hot wire and the amount of juice flowing through it.17. Feeler gaugeA fleer gauge is a gauge that consists of several thin blades that measure clearances or small gaps. This tool gives measurements in inches and millimeters. It gives the mechanic an idea of the wideness of a gap by filling the gap with blades of known thickness value. They are ideal for use in places where other measuring tools, such as calipers and measuring tapes, cannot fit.18. Torque wrenchA torque wrench looks similar to a simple ratchet, but it is not the same. It enables one to tighten bolts at the exact torque specified by the vehicle manufacturer. This is very important when dealing with operations inside the transmission gear or car engine. A toque wrench is an ideal tool to use when tightening spark plugs. Consider a toque wrench that reads in both Nm. and ft. lb.

Test For Leaks In Cooling System

Master Radiator Pressure Test Kit  Detects and exposes external system leaks• Detects internal engine leaks due to blown gaskets or cracked block• Vacuum type cooling system• Purge and refill for quick change of coolant• Test Range: 0 – 35 psi• Includes 1 blue radiator cap test connector R123/R125• Includes 1 black radiator cap test connector R123/R124• Includes 1 thermometer, 1 universal radiator cap, 1 vacuum purge and refill tool, coolant hose and additional installation accessories• Includes hand pump and 19 adapters (No.’s 2, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 19, 21, 22 and 23) to fit most popular domestic and import cars and trucks Test For Leaks In Cooling System • Step 1: Remove the original radiator cap after assuring that the  cooling system is depressurized and cool.• Step 2: Choose the correct radiator cap for the vehicle being  tested from the test kit and install on cooling system opening.• Step 3: Remove the hand pump assembly from the test kit and  fasten the quick coupler at the end of the hose to the radiator  cap securely. Operate the hand pump until reaching the pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. (See fig. 1 & 2) DO  NOT exceed vehicle manufacturer’s recommended pressure or  maximum gauge range pressure of 35psi (2.5bar). • Step 4: Check the pressure reading on the gauge immediately  after reaching the vehicle manufacturer's recommended  pressure. If the pressure reading drops, there is a leak in the cooling system. After pressure testing is completed, press the release button on the quick coupler until the reading on the gauge reads 0. Remove quick coupler from radiator cap and then  remove radiator cap from the cooling system opening. Locate  the leak and repair as necessary. Test For Leaks In Original Radiator Cap Step 1: Choose the correct radiator cap connector (02A or 02B)  and correct steel radiator cap (03, 04, or 05) for the correct vehicle being tested from the test kit. Fasten the original radiator cap to  the radiator cap connector and then fasten the steel radiator cap from the test kit to the other end of the radiator cap connector. • Step 2: Remove the hand pump assembly from the test kit and fasten the quick coupler at the end of the hose to the radiator cap securely. Operate the hand pump until reaching the pressure recommended by the vehicle manufacturer. (See fig. 3) Do not exceed vehicle manufacturer's recommended pressure or  maximum gauge range pressure of 35psi (2.5bar).• Step 3: Check the pressure reading on the gauge immediately after reaching the vehicle manufacturer’s recommended pressure.  If the pressure drops, there is a leak in the radiator cap. After pressure testing is completed, press the release button on the quick coupler until the reading on the gauge reads 0. Remove quick coupler from radiator cap and then remove the original radiator cap from the radiator cap connector. Discard original radiator cap and replace with new cap if leaking or if it does not meet vehicle manufacturer’s recommendations. Purge Cooling System • Step 1: Drain coolant from radiator as well as possible.• Step 2: Remove the purge and refill tool from the test kit and hang the tool in a convenient location under the hood with the hook provided.• Step 3: Choose the correct radiator cap for the vehicle being tested, or the universal rubber radiator adapter from the test kit and install the one of your choice on the cooling system opening. Fasten the quick coupler at the end of the hose on the purge and refill tool to the radiator cap securely. (See fig. 4 & 5)• Step 4: Turn valve No. 3 to the open position and valve No. 6 to the closed position. (See fig. 6)• Step 5: Connect air supply to the purge and refill tool and press operating button until the pressure reaches 20-25 Hg (50-60cmHg). Turn valve No. 3 to the closed position and release the operating button. (See fig. 7 & 8) Refill Cooling System • Step 1: Connect the coolant hose to the purge and refill tool and submerge in coolant. • Step 2: Assure that valve No. 3 is in the closed position and that there is coolant in the coolant hose. • Step 3: Turn valve No. 6 to the open position to allow the coolant to refill the cooling system. • Step 4: The refill is complete when the gauge reads 0.Note: Please check the coolant level and add coolant as necessary to the proper level

How to clean your fuel injectors?

Clean fuel injector step by step guide tips followingClogged fuel injectors can have a bunch of unpleasant repercussions for your car. From reduced mileage to poor running, it’s not a problem you want to ignore.If you’re trying to watch your pennies, you should know that you can fix it without visiting a garage.Can you clean fuel injectors yourself?Cleaning your fuel injectors isn’t a task everyone will want to take on, but it is doable should you want to skip the garage. If your fuel injectors get clogged, your car could run poorly, your mileage will be affected and you might even begin to notice your car idling roughly. To get started, you’ll need the following tools and equipment:◆Wrench set ◆Air compressor ◆Fuel injector cleaning kitHow do you clean your fuel injectors?1. Get prepared Before you even get started on the cleaning, you need to be dressed appropriately. You should only be working on a cool engine, however a fitted long sleeved top and full-length trousers will protect your skin should any accidents occur. You then need to decide where to clean your fuel injectors. As you’ll be using cleaning solvents, you want to choose a well ventilated area, such as a driveway or open garage. Having an area for your tools to be laid out and within reach can also quicken the process.2. Locate your fuel injectors If it’s your first time cleaning your fuel injectors (whether for a new car or at all), you might not be sure where they’re located. They can be found in different layouts under the hood depending on the car make and model, so double check your vehicle manual if you’re uncertain.3. Disconnect the fuel pump from fuel injectorsLocate the fuel pump at the side of the engine, and gently pull the fuel injectors to disconnect them from the pump. Then connect the fuel return line with the fuel pump in order for the gas to return to the tank when you’re cleaning.4. Disconnect the pressure regulator Your car manual should indicate whether you need to do this step. If necessary, just look for the pressure regulator and the vacuum line, gently pulling to disconnect.  5. Connect your cleaning kit to the fuel port Find your fuel port, then follow your cleaning kit’s directions for attaching the hose and port. 6. Remove the fuel tank cap This will prevent an excessive build up of pressure.7. Turn on your car engine Start your car and wait for the cleaning solution to be used up (typically 5-10 minutes).8. Remove your cleaning kit Disconnect your cleaning kit from the car and re-attach the pressure regulator and the fuel pump.9. Turn your car on Your car should be good to go, but listen out for any unusual noises. If you think you’ve carried out the cleaning successfully but still notice your car running abnormally, it’s best to consult a professional mechanic.Fuel injector cleaning with removal If the first method didn’t quite do the trick, you also have the option to remove your fuel injectors entirely and clean them yourself.1. Like before, you’ll need to drain the fuel pressure by running your engine with the fuel pump disconnected. The process of removing the injectors will vary depending on the make and model of the car, so it’s best to follow the method indicated for your car.2. With your fuel injectors safely removed, you can now clean them individually. Using a soft-bristled brush, you can apply your carburetor cleaner to the outside.3. Use a fuel injector jumper in order to open up the fuel injector, then spray your cleaner through each side of the fuel injector.4. Once you’re finished cleaning, you can reconnect your fuel injectors, reconnect the fuel pump, and re-start your engine.